GUIDE 158 INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES

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POTENTIAL HAZARDS
HEALTH
- Inhalation or contact with substance may cause infection, disease or death.
- Runoff from fire control may cause pollution.
- Note: Damaged packages containing solid CO2 as a refrigerant may produce water or frost from condensation of air. Do not touch this liquid as it could be contaminated by the contents of the parcel.
FIRE OR EXPLOSION
- Some of these materials may burn, but none ignite readily.
- Some may be transported in flammable liquids.
PUBLIC SAFETY
- CALL Emergency Response Telephone Number on Shipping Paper first. If Shipping Paper not available or no answer, refer to appropriate telephone number listed on the inside back cover.
- As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area for at least 25 meters (75 feet) in all directions.
- Keep unauthorized personnel away.
- Stay upwind.
- Obtain identity of substance involved.
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
- Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
- Structural firefighters' protective clothing will only provide limited protection.
EMERGENCY RESPONSE
FIRE
Small Fire
- Dry chemical, soda ash, lime or sand.
Large Fire
- Use extinguishing agent suitable for type of surrounding fire.
- Do not scatter spilled material with high pressure water streams.
- Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk.
SPILL OR LEAK
- Do not touch or walk through spilled material.
- Do not touch damaged containers or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing.
- Absorb with earth, sand or other non-combustible material.
- Cover damaged package or spilled material with damp towel or rag and keep wet with liquid bleach or other disinfectant.
- DO NOT CLEAN-UP OR DISPOSE OF, EXCEPT UNDER SUPERVISION OF A SPECIALIST.
FIRST AID
- Move victim to a safe isolated area.
CAUTION: Victim may be a source of contamination.
- Call 911 or emergency medical service.
- Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes.
- In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes.
- Effects of exposure (inhalation, ingestion or skin contact) to substance may be delayed.
- For further assistance, contact your local Poison Control Center.
- Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves.