ʹѺʹع ʡ. HSM     

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չ-Ŵδ µǡ
¹: .تҵ ԹШԵ
ѹ: 19 .. 2549
“չ-Ŵδ” ͧǹ㹷ҧդõǡѹ §ٻͧ¨¡ “չ” 繪ͷҤ ѹա͹ҴͧȾͧ ǹ “Ŵδ” ʶҹ繡ҫسԻ ա蹩عʺ١ ǹҡ˹¡ѹٻͧ¹͹ҿչ

»¹ʶҹ੾зس٧ С繡ôԡ ֧աѺͷ¡÷˹ҷ繵ൺ ҹ 5-15 繵 բٻͧҿŴδ ջª㹰ҹзõ駵ѺԵѳաҡ ҡ͹价紾ʵԡԴҧ ժ¡ѹ “-Ŵδ” “չ-Ŵδ” 繡Ѻ 繩ǹ 繵

Ѻǧᾷªҡ ҧ蹡ôͧȾ Ǫѳ ä п͡˹ѧ 繵

ͧ͢ŴδФµ ١ м˹ѧ Ͷ֧鹵Һʹ ٴҡ зӷʹ ͡ ˹͡ е㹷ش ҡҹҨԴªѧҡѺҡ纻Ǵ¡ ҡѺҳҹҹ ҡ㨵ԴѴʹѡʺ 繵

ջªҧ١ͧ ͷҺ¢ͧѹ ҤԴӿչҧѡҧͤ¤зӡѹ 繢 觵ҧѹ͡Թ ੾пŴδբ;٨ͨ “”

˵

Formaldehyde

ѵѹªԴ 2 ú. ѵѹ Ǻ¡çҹصˡ С

  շǢͧ:
Formaldehyde
 
  ͤԴ
   
ͤԴ繷 1:1

㹡üԵҨformaldehyde㹢鹵͹ 㹡͡ҧö㹻ҳѺ  ͺسѺ

:  ѡԹ  [18 .. 2549 15:22]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 2:2

formaldehyde صˡüԵ觷ѵػʧҡ¢鹵͹ͧüԵ ҧáѹѺ㹢鹵͹üԵҪٻ 觨з formaldehyde ӻԡ͡
ҳ formaldehyde 㹼ԵѳǡѺդᵡҧѹл ҧ
- ȭ ˹ͼ硷áͧǨѴ辺 Ѻҡ 3 բ¡ 75 ppm
- ԹŹ Ѻ硷á - 2 Ǻ ¡ 30 mg/kg, ҷʼµç ¡ 100 mg/kg
- Ҿû Ѻ硷á ¡ 30 ppm, ʼµç¡ 75 ppm, ¡ 300 ppm

:  ¾  [18 .. 2549 20:01]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 3:3

õǨѴùҧä ҡԹ֧ѹ

:  no_no  [17 .. 2550 15:12]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 4:4

Ը

:  yuphin  [17 .. 2550 15:27]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 5:5

ҿչաԸ Ը㴺ҧ пչաҧ÷ жҷ駵ŧ㹹ҿԹ չҡش µͺ¤Шз§ҹ


:  ning  [24 .. 2550 10:58]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 1 ͧçسز :6

͹ժشͺԹҧ ¡ͧآԺ  ǹͧѡһҹ Ըմշش͡Ƿشҷз س 0 ֧ -1 . Դ¨ҡµͧ õչ§¡Ңͧѵ Ҩ֧ǡ ͧԹ㴹 Һ

:  تҵ ԹШԵ  [29 .. 2550 16:01]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 6:7

խҵԴչ繿չ㹵ҡҺԸѡ

:  ԧ  [7 .. 2550 00:22]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 2 ͧçسز :8

š㨹ФѺդҿԹ㹵 դþѴԴ㹵 Ҧŧ ⫴ (㹢ǴӴ) 繵
ѺԹẺẺºѹ ѧ鹾ɨ֧ԴҧǴǵ Ѻ ʹ ʹ
ѡͧ ӷѹ 1 ǵ¶ҹѹ켧 (˹ҷͧᾷ) о¡
ҵѺ/¡ѡҵҡ
ѡҾµç
觷Ҩ繻ѭӤѭͶҤʹ ҨԴʹõպ
Ҩͧ¡öҧʹ ҧ÷ҧ˹ҷͧ
ҨͧҵѴʹ͡˭ҵ᷹


:  .Ժ оѹ  [10 .. 2550 21:58]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 7:9

ͧӹ⪹ɳöҧչ͡ҡ ,,ա öҧԧԧҤ ҡЫѹöԧ

:  ѭ آʺ  [6 .. 2550 20:06]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 8:10

ҷբžһ繹ѧբͶ§ѹ ͡÷ http://bryairlearninginstitute.org/pdf/presentations/ozone_paper.pdf

ͧ͹⫹ ҧá ⫹öѹ ⫹ҡ ( http://coep.pharmacy.arizona.edu/air/air_quality/OZONE.pdf)

ѧ ͧԴ⫹ûԺѵԵй ⫹ҳ ѹ¤

:  chemtrack ҹ ChemTrack  [19 .. 2550 00:05]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 9:11

չҧٻҾ˹¤Ѻ

:  չҧٻҾ˹¤Ѻ  [6 .. 2550 16:07]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 10:12

Formaldehyde Ѻ Formic acid ҧѹҧä ÷ͧԴͧǨ㹻


:  da  [4 .. 2550 18:31]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 11:13

ҵͧõǨͺÿչҡôԸէзҧôդ


:  ഡ.  [5 .. 2550 20:15]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 3 ͧçسز :14

Թѡɳ繢ͧ ö͡µ ա੾е ǹôԡ աԴ˹ Ҩҡԡ͡പѹͧŴδ ԸշͺҧµͺǤ

:  .تҵ ԹШԵ  [17 .. 2550 09:54]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 12:15

ҡͿչ ˹բ¤Ѻ ҡͧҷӻ  ͢ͺس

:  Ѵ  [5 .. 2551 11:05]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 13:16

ҡҺ
Formalin ͨҧ 㹤 1:10 Ǩդҹä

Фͨҧ Formalin ä ҧ SWFI NSS ͧҧ

ͷҺ繹ҦçҺŤ

ͺسҡ

:  ѪûШçҺ  [10 .. 2551 10:27]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 14:17

˹¹ѵᾷ ¹͹ ǩعչҡ¤ ʺ ١ ѹҡҤ ͧ¹ ʹФ ҷԵ ҹ 4 - 5

:   [10 .. 2551 16:07]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 4 ͧçسز :18

سѺѹºѹҡԹ dose
ҳҨзԴФͧ੾з
ҡҷԴµ͵Ѻ
觶繾ѧ

Ը͵ͧöҡ
ԴѴкҡȷء
Դ͹¹ѡ˹
ҨͧҨԴǴٴҡ
ҧҨͧ蹪ԴբͺͻԴͧҧͺ
ҫ Home Pro ҹͧͪҧ

ǹûͧѹҧԹ ҡԧԺѵ ԸǷ
դ ventilation ѧ

:  .Ժ оѹ  [12 .. 2551 09:23]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 15:19

ʧ  öչ ¤Դ繹ӷ㹵 ѧࡵ ͤ չ ա蹩ع֧ ҴзҺ 蹡͹  ͨзҺ͹ աüչ鹵ҧѹ 蹢ͧչŴŧ здѺѧö繾ɡѺ ·ա

:  ͹  [12 .. 2551 21:09]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 16:20

! ش ͧ

:  ا  [29 .. 2551 15:58]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 17:21

㹤ͺͧդԴ

:  ٹ 6 (ҹ)  [11 .. 2551 11:16]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 18:22

տҴδѵѹªԴ 2 㹤ǺͧçҹصˡТͧ äͺͧͧ駴ԹáѺ˹§ҹѺԴͺ Ͷ㹷ҧصˡͧ駷çҹصˡ ҧûͧ駷 㹷ҧԺѵԷҧ˹§ҹѺԴͺҨ¡¡ó ҧդͺ˹§ҹѺԴͺ٤

:  chemtrack ҹ ChemTrack  [11 .. 2551 19:49]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 19:23

äç͹§Ըաûͧѹͧҧ §ѹ·ʡѺչ駡ҡ§ Ըաûͧѹͧҧ Ҩ繵ͧѹ

:  ˹ͧᴧ ѧѴ  [12 .. 2551 23:36]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 20:24

ҡҺҿŴ ǹҾ㹼Եѳ úҧ ǹ˭ԹͼԵѳж١èpageageẺ˹ ǶöҵǴٴѺջª

:  ...  [23 .. 2551 00:46]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 21:25

мҡҺ ͡öǨͺԹѺ
þͷеǨͺҧѺ( ҧФѺ)
ͺسѺ

:  Oѡ¹ҴO  [23 .. 2551 15:44]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 22:26

ѹѡ Ӫآ ԻѭҪǺҹҡǨҿԹ
͡ҡ繹ѡ¹ع Ƿ. ѧ繵᷹ͧç¹ҧŧҹѹҤ㨤Ѻҧ­ͧ㹡觢ѹٴҧԷʵͧ 5 ا෾ҹ ʹçҹԷʵ㹧ҹ The 9th International Youth Scientific Exhibition ESI 2003 ا ʹçҹԷʵ㹧ҹѻԷʵ෤觪ҵ 2546 ѧҢͧçҹԷʵͧ õǨҿԹ軹͹ʡѴҡ ѹ繡ùԻѭҪǺҹһء㹡õǨҿԹ㹹ʴ
繷Һѹ ʴ੾оǡ÷Ź ѡտԹ͹Ҵ 駨֧ͧʡѴҡҷӻԡҡѺԹ ǹ·仵ǨҿԹ軹͹ʴ ¹ӼººѺšõǨªشͺͧͧ зǧҸآ
鹵͹÷ͧҡʡѴèҡµǷ 3 Դ ӡ ͷš Фÿ ¡ûѺǷ ǡͧµç ·仼Ѻ¿Թ鹵ҧ ѹ 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% ӴѺ ҡ鹹ʡѴ仼Ѻʴ ͨҡ鹹ӹʴ仵ǨҿԹªشͺԹͧͧ зǧҸóآ
š÷ͧ ʡѴҡ¹ӡͷšöӻԡҡѺ¿ԹԴС͹ǢҴ˭ ʡѴҡ¹ӡöǨͺԹ㹹ʴ ÷տԹ͹ԴС͹Ҵ˭

µͺǹйѡ¹Ҵ

:  ̷ү  [26 .. 2551 20:10]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 23:27

㹻˹ҡԹ 令Կ աäǺÿŴδ plywood ,MDF,Particle board յ .008 ppm ֧ 0.21 ppm. 誹Դͧ  þͨзҺ´
ͧҧ

:   [28 .. 2551 16:15]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 24:29

ҡŧǡѺչû͹

:  ѡ  [11 .. 2551 15:38]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 25:30

ҡҺԸաáӨѴչСúӺѴ͹л͡觹ӷçҹصˡ
Ըա㴺ҧԸա÷Ŵ鹷ع㹡úӺѴ͹͡觹
µͺչФѺ
㴺ҧӺѴѺ

:  Է  [30 .. 2551 19:53]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 26:31

ҡҺԸա¡üԵ觷ҧ ֧ 繢ǹüԵ Non-formalin ͺФسҧ٧

:  عԨ ԭѵ  [29 .. 2551 18:39]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 27:32

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formaldehyde        ( Formaldehyde )

:  ѡ  [24 .. 2551 16:14]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 28:34

ҼҡͺչèҡҵԨзҧäѺ

:  ѡ¹  [9 .. 2551 23:59]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 29:35

سԷ . 26 ͧ paper ҴٹФ

"A method for treating wastewater containing formaldehyde"

Hesham R. LotfyCorresponding Author Contact Information, E-mail The Corresponding Author, a and I. G. Rashedb

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6V73-44KDTHF-F&_user=591295&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=591295&md5=d898654e50ab95a1502c53eafff7e732

:  ¾ ҹ ChemTrack  [13 .. 2551 21:45]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 30:36

Դ繷 29 ٷ Դ繷 22 Ѻ

:   [29 .. 2551 16:02]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 31:37

ҹͧ͡ѹ¨ҡ Formaldehyde ͧʧҨá ѧ§ҹ׹ѹѴ Һþ͡׹ѹաþԴҧѺ ͧռšз͵Ѻ ѹҧ ҡҧúҧѺ

:  ҡҺ  [6 .. 2551 11:27]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 32:38

ҡҺҤ繾ɢͧŴδ㹹Өҡصˡռŵ aerobic culture ҧ  ͺسѺ

:   [7 .. 2551 00:23]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 33:39

˹ͤ仦Ҥѹͧ ҨҤԴ¹ʧèԧԴ໹

:   [13 .. 2551 08:19]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 34:40

ҹѴ ءͧ ͧ͹ͧ ͧ͹١ 6 Ǻ Ѻ 7 Ǻ ֧ͧӧҹ ҡ ʺҴ Դе˹ҵҧ ¤ úǹԸ䢺ҧ ѧҡ ǧ


:   [16 .. 2551 18:30]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 35:41

ѵ¹չ ¡ѹҡ

:   [17 .. 2551 10:41]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 36:42

32 ͧҹͧ formaldehyde Ѻ ʶҺѹ秢ͧѰԡػ FAQ ˹ԧҧҧФ .35 ¹Ф դй㹢 7
http://www.nci.nih.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Risk/formaldehyde


:  ¾ ҹ ChemTrack  [20 .. 2551 11:45]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 37:43

ҡҺ㹵ǿԹʴ   ҡҺҡѺ

:   [24 .. 2551 11:03]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 38:44

û͹Դй͡ҡչ

:  Play Boy  [24 .. 2551 16:44]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 39:46

仵Ǩçҹصˡ˹͡ҧչͧ
çҹ觹 ÿŴδ ҼѺ紴ҧѺ ҧҹ ǵ駷ͧ ѹӻԡҡѹ 繤ѹա蹩ع ͨԹҡҤáüԵѺ ҺԸչ١ͧѺ ѹ边ѡҹӧҹ㹾鹷ҤѺ ҤûԴ Դ 蹿Ŵδ عʹ

:  ɮҡ  [9 .. 2551 11:30]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 40:47

ѧзçҹͧդ§...

:   [11 .. 2551 12:11]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 41:48

ҡҺǷ resorcinol-formaldehyde resins Ң˹Ѻ

:  cat  [12 .. 2551 23:25]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 42:49

Һ㹼ѡѵҧԴա蹩عտŴδǹСͺ ͧâҨзҺҧռѡԴ㴺ҧտŴδлáԡõǨչǨ㹾תѡ㴺ҧ ǵ㹡տŴδСͺ ҹ仵Ǩ¡ҧÿŴδҵտչͻ سҵͺӶҧ E-mail ¹Ф ͺسǧ˹Ҥ

:  AA  [17 .. 2551 13:17]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 43:50

úǹѺ ɵáû١蹤Ѻ Թ١ ١ҹ仵Ǩҿչ ͡Ҿչ աкǹêǧ·ù ҡͧҢžöԴͧҵ ҡҺҡҹ úǹͤ¤Ѻ

:  Ծѹ ʡ  [17 .. 2551 15:53]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 44:51

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carcinogen        Carcinogen        
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-a-carcinogen.htm        What is a Carcinogen ?        
http://www.scorecard.org/health-effects/explanation.tcl?short_hazard_name=cancer        
http://www.scorecard.org/health-effects/chemicals.tcl?short_hazard_name=cancer&all_p=t        List of Recognized Carcinogens        
http://www.scorecard.org/health-effects/chemicals-2.tcl?short_hazard_name=cancer&all_p=t        List of Suspected Carcinogens        
http://www.cancer.org/docroot/PED/content/PED_1_3x_Known_and_Probable_Carcinogens.asp        Known and Probable Carcinogens

:  ѡ  [10 .. 2552 08:21]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 45:52

Formalin is a saturated solution of formaldehyde, water, and typically another agent, most commonly methanol. In its typical form, formalin is 37% formaldehyde by weight (40% by volume), 6-13% methanol, and the rest water. A quick glance at any commercially available formalin product will confirm these numbers. Formaldehyde provides the disinfectant and bacteriacide/germacide effects of formalin. The water content of formalin provides a dilution of formaldehyde. And the methanol content stabilizes the naturally chemically unstable formaldehyde compound. How formaldehyde kills bacteria and germs is discussed in detail below.

Formaldehyde (HCHO) belongs to a class of organic compounds called aldehydes, which are all obtained from the oxidation of alcohol, the most common being methyl alcohol (2CH2OH). During the oxidation process from methyl alcohol to formaldehyde, a certain level of formic acid is produced and will be found in formaldehyde solutions. It is important to note the presence of formic acid as this is a blistering agent most commonly associated with red or fire ants. Further, since formaldehyde is basically unstable in its basic compound form, further oxidation even in storage is possible, thus producing additional levels of formic acid. To help stabilize formaldehyde, methanol is added to the dilute formaldehyde solution formalin. It is very important to note that the formalin compound readily available as a treatment for fish is the EXACT and same compound used in embalming practices. And there is significant irony in this as discussed further below.

Formaldehyde is also highly soluable in water and as such, does not separate or degenerate in water-based solutions. This is one of the main reasons why water is most commonly used to dilute formaldehyde into the common formalin compound. Additional reasons for using water in the formalin compound include cost and the ability of water to mix with other chemical agents readily. This point will have more relevance when discussing the combined use of formalin and salt in fish treatments.

While formaldehyde is a potent disinfectant and anti-bacterial agent, it is essentially ineffective as a fungicide, insecticide, or larvacide. This is an important point to remember when considering formalin in the treatment of fish. While formalin will work for such problems as gill flukes, surface infections, and other parasites, it will NOT work on argulus, fish lice, and other macro-parasites that we associate with treatments requiring organophosphates, such as dimlin. Nor will formalin be effective against mold and fungus-related problems, such as saprolegnia.

But before you go thinking formalin is an ideal anti-bacterial treatment, first consider how formaldehyde kills. Unlike most anti-bacterial and germicidal agents which poison the bacteria and germ cells, formaldehyde kills cell tissue by dehydrating the tissue and bacteria cells and replacing the normal fluid in the cells with a gel-like rigid compound. The latter effect exhibits the coagulation properties of formaldehyde. Tissue and bacterium cells are made of protoplasm and as such, contain large amounts of moisture. The introduction of formaldehyde into the tissue dries out the protoplasm and destroys the cell. In terms of embalming practices, this is a perfect situation as the formaldehyde not only disinfects the tissue but replaces the tissue cell moisture with a rigid gel thus allowing the embalmed tissue to maintain its contour. Additionally, the new cell structure will resist further bacterial attacks as its composition now contains a formaldehyde-based compound. So, while the usual list of anti-bacterial agents, such as tetracycline, amikacin, baytril, and the like poison their respective bacterial enemies and are then flushed from the system by the kidneys and liver, formalin is retained in the now altered tissue structures of the living organism.

As stated previously, formalin was originally designed for the purposes of disinfecting and preserving tissue in embalming practices. It was not originally contemplated for use in fish medicine. Since formaldehyde is highly soluble in water, this combination offered a near perfect solution for easy permeation of tissue and cell structures. This is an important point to consider when using formalin on fish as the fish will absorb a certain level of formalin into its tissue and cell structures just by the very nature of how fish process water in their environment. This is where the principles of osmosis are important.

Osmosis or osmotic pressure is the passage of a solvent through a membrane separating two solutions of different densities. The basic rule of osmosis is that fluids will flow from the less dense environment to the more dense environment through the membrane. Using a practical example, consider the use of salt in koi ponds. Here, we need to consider the salt content of the fish itself and for koi and this level is about .9%. The pond water, on the other hand, maybe anywhere zero percent salt content up to whatever level the pond owner has manipulated it. There is much debate on the use of salt in the treatment of many koi problems. While there is no question that a salt level of .3% will effectively rid the pond and fish of most micro-parasites, it is the effect of salt on the osmotic regulation process of the fish that most ponders believe is a good stress reducing regimen. So as an example, the pond has a salt level of .15% and the fishs level is .9%, then the osmotic pressure or flow of water is from the pond and into the fishs body. And the same can be said for any salt level up to .9% where the equilibrium of osmotic pressures will start causing severe problems with the fishs physiology. In fact, if the salt levels of the pond become equal to or greater than that of the fish, the fish can actually suffer dehydration as the flow of the fluids reverses based on reversed fluid densities.

But the driving factor behind the need to control osmotic regulation and relieving the fish of added stress is not specifically with the addition of salt to the water, but what happens to the mechanics of the water once the salt is added. As most of us remember from high school chemistry, every fluid has a surface tension.        

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formaldehyde        Formaldehyde

:  ѡ  [10 .. 2552 19:38]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 46:53

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formaldehyde        Formaldehyde        
http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_General_Facts/formaldehyde-factsheet.pdf        
http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/tfacts111.html        
http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/risk/formaldehyde        
http://www.jtbaker.com/msds/englishhtml/F5522.htm        ( MSDS )        

http://www.scorecard.org/chemical-profiles/summary.tcl?edf_substance_id=50-00-0        
http://www.idph.state.il.us/envhealth/factsheets/formaldehyde.htm

:  ѡ  [11 .. 2552 07:59]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 47:54

ش

:  pik  [20 .. 2552 17:19]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 48:58

ҡҺժش test kit ͧ formaldehyde ҧ ʴ ppm mg/kg ͡繵ҧҵðҹ˹ ppm

:  ѷ  [26 .. 2552 11:30]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 49:61

˹ٵͧçҹ  ҡзǡѺչ ҡ㹿չúҧ  ǤùººͷçҹѺ( ҹҧ )  
ù÷¿չҧ  ˹٢ǻ
 µͺҧ¹Ф  ͺس


:  mookk_05@msn.com  [10 .. 2552 21:47]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 50:62

˹Թ Ҵ͡ҧ͡㹹ҿԹ͡ҧ ҡ͹ʹ͡ء ҨЫʹ͡Ҩҡҹ´͡˹ô͡ҨԴѹ¡ѺǷҹ
¤öҴըҡ
¤˹觷ǧ·ءҹ
͢ͺФس

:  硷ѧ֡  [20 .. 2552 11:19]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 51:63

͹ѧԸҤformaldehyde㹹
ԴҨԸաѴҴUV ѧջѭҵç
ӹdz鹷ҹ㴾դͧйӴ¹Ф
...ͺس

:  yanisa  [22 .. 2552 21:52]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 52:64

.55  
- UV Ҩ繡º ѡӤѭͧ ҿҵðҹͧͧUV ҤҡôٴѺʧդ鹢ͧչ  ǡºѺ͹ͺԧ (㹡÷ͺѴҵðҹ EN 120:1992 Ըա÷Ҩйһء ͧ͡ش ͡. TISI  02-2023510  )
-աԸ 繡÷ Free Formaldehyde Ը ASTM : D1979-91 Ҩҡͧش ͡.TISI 蹡ѹ
-شͺչ բ Ըչ Ҷ㹹տչԹ 0.5 mg/kg  ҡ¹ ӹdz (Тٵ ѡèҡԵشͺ ա)http://classified.sanook.com/item/4890596
http://board.dserver.org/r/rujida/00000007.html

:  kom  [29 .. 2552 10:09]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 53:65

ҡçҹͧйô˹¹Ф ͹ҡúǹ ջʺó˹¤ µͺ¹Ф

:   [18 .. 2552 10:09]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 54:66

·Һ չö㹡ôͧҧʴ ͻͧѹҧٴ(VFA٧) Һҳ㹡ôͧ µͺ˹¤Ѻ աԴ֧ ùӿչ仼Ѻ ͨҧҳ 10% ռúҧѺ ͺسѺ

:  ͹ҧ  [26 .. 2552 21:34]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 55:67

÷öҤ鹢ͧչ˹¨

:  е  [30 .. 2552 14:45]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 56:68

ͺ 59
ͧʡѴ ǡӻԡҡѺacetylacetone  reagent(nash's reagent) ͧ ѴOD=412nm.

:  MAY_MAY  [31 .. 2552 21:55]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 57:69

˵乿չ֧ҪҹҧѺ駡Ңͧ
ҤЪµͺҧŴ¤ ͺس

:  硹¼  [8 .. 2552 19:31]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 58:70

ҡҺšŢͧŴδз繡ô (pH4) з(pH7)ѡɳšҧ ͹ֻǤѺ

:   [21 .. 2552 16:48]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 59:71

ѺҤ鹢ͧŴʹö e-mail ҶѺмӧҹԨͧ

:   [21 .. 2552 16:50]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 60:72

͡Ŵҡ

:  ¹ù  [28 .. 2552 17:41]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 61:73

ҡҺҶҿչⴹŨЪµͺǹФѹӤѭҡ

:  Ǥ  [27 .. 2552 10:57]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 62:74

չ繵

:  ҹ෹ҧʴѷ  [2 .. 2552 17:59]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 63:75

س 12 ͧ formalin ૹѺҳ
Դ͡Ѻҧ E-mail ФѺ

:   [11 .. 2552 08:01]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 64:77

ҡҺѵǹ㹡ҴΡѺҧѺæҡä  úǹµͺ˹¹Ф   ͺس

:  ԡ  [7 .. 2553 14:25]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 65:78

Թ  ͧտԹ

:  硢ʧ  [25 .. 2553 11:16]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 66:79

ÿչԴúҧѺ....???????

:  SomSan  [7 .. 2553 18:05]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 67:80

բ¿չӹǹҡ ҤҶ١ش ʹ㨵Դ 082-4585959

:  ѡ  [18 .. 2553 10:51]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 68:81

㹡ÿԹҤҤ ͧҧѺ繵ǷͨѺѺԹ ҡҺҷ֧ͧҧѺлԡҧͧǹҧѺѹ ͺسѺ

:  ѡ֡  [3 .. 2553 08:33]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 69:82

ҵͧÿŴδ ҼѺ紴ҧѺ ҧҹ ǵ駷ͧ ѹӻԡҡѹ 繤ѹա蹩ع ͨԹҡҡȵͧѴǹ

:  ྪѴ  [3 .. 2553 15:35]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 70:83

դ ͡ҹԹ ͹ҡêҹ е͹ŷǤ ҡҺŢͧԹҹҹ еͧءѹ

:  vjinda  [15 .. 2553 12:22]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 71:84

ҡҺҤä¶ٴÿչ仨ѹ

:   [22 .. 2553 13:29]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 72:85

ҡҺͧǨѺ չ ҡ  ѧзçҹ ҡҡԧ

:   [25 .. 2553 20:47]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 73:88

Ǩҿչ㹹ʴ ҹҧ Ǵҡ  þշҧ͡ҧ ˹¤Ѻ


:  çҹ  [19 .. 2553 14:33]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 74:90

͹¡ⴴкҴժǹǺҹչҩմ㹹Ң͡ӨѴ¡ⴴùеҧ չҫҡҤ  áµͺ˹¤

:  ١ǹ  [20 .. 2553 07:34]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 75:91

ҧͧ

:  ʧ  [23 .. 2553 11:55]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 76:92

˹¹ᾷ͹ա÷ͧȾ蹿չعҡ¤ ӵ ʺ١ҡ


:   [25 .. 2553 13:56]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 77:93

СӨѴ Formaldehyde ҧöҡˡ

:  حѡ  [3 .. 2553 14:55]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 78:94

ҡҺԸաҤҤ鹢ͧչ軹͹ѧҡӡ÷ͺªشͺչ  º͡ԸաԸշͺҧ´¹Ф  ˹ppmФ  ͺسФеͧôǹҡ

:  Ԩ  [5 .. 2553 14:01]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 79:95

ҡҺԸաҧչ͡ҡѵ

:  Ң  [7 .. 2553 01:51]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 80:96

ҿչѺͻҺҧ ҹ§Ҥҿ ֧ 3 ѹҡ¹ Թ ʹ 㹷ش Ңͧҹͻйմչ㹹ҧͧҧ դҧ ͤй˹¤ ͹ͧմչйӢͧҨͧҹ һҨе͡͹

:  Ѵ麧  [24 .. 2553 17:17]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 81:97

ҡҺõ㴷դسѵԤ¡ѺԹö᷹Թѹµҧ


:   [21 .. 2553 12:14]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 82:98

ҡͺͧÿŴδ ҼѺ紴ҧѺ ҧҹ ǵ駷ͧ㹤͹ ͦҤ ͧءҢҡ ѧ¹ش ҡСӨѴʻ͡͹ ҺҨз ͧ Шõҧ

:  ٹ  [23 .. 2553 11:54]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 83:99

ͺ ҨСӨѴ formaldehyde 㹹·ҳԹ 50 ppm  50  mg/l ¡ 1 ppm  1  mg/l  Ը
ͺسѺ

:   [30 .. 2553 14:24]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 84:100

.86
ͧҹ٤Ѻ http://topicstock.pantip.com/wahkor/topicstock/2010/05/X9304549/X9304549.html
ٷԸդСͧ͹駤Ѻ     ǹԴ ѹ繼ŨҡͧѺ æҷµҡᵴʹԷͨзҦ͡ չҨ ѹС蹩عФѺ
ǹûͧѹ ҹҾǡ͹  Ƿͧҡȶ෤Ѻ   ǡѹѺ

:  kom  [30 .. 2553 16:06]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 85:101

ҡҺǹҫѡ͹һѺҹǹСͺҹѧк͡տŴδ

:  kij  [3 .. 2553 14:26]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 86:102

еǨһҳ չ 㹻ҷ ҧ

:  ഡ_¹  [25 .. 2553 15:29]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 87:103

õǨͺ formaldehyde 㹼ԵѳԸաõǨͺͧ

:  get  [24 .. 2553 11:07]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 88:104

ҡҺҷͧ formaldehyde 㹼ѡ͡͹ҫѡҴ¤Ѻ

:   [9 .. 2554 15:10]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 89:105

Ңͧçҹա Formaldehyde о ҡҺõ˹ҧöӨѴкӺѴԷҾ

:   [27 .. 2554 00:15]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 90:106

ԸյǨͺ ÿչ Ẻ Ǻҹ 㨺ҧ.
ҡþɷѧࡵͧ..Ըѡͧ鹡͹֧ᾷ.
ҹ..¡Ѻ..
Ҿǡسͧ仡Թ÷ 駾ǡҡͺ ÿչʧ¡ѹ ҵʹ..
ͺ˹¹....

:  catzela  [6 .. 2554 21:17]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 91:107

ҡҺԸաӨѴÿҴι Ϳ
͹纵ҡ

:  ͹تҵ  [21 .. 2554 13:49]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 92:109

ʴդ բʧ¹ anatomy ͹෤Źѹҡ ¹ѻ 8-10 .

:  ѡ֡ҡҾӺѴ  [1 .. 2554 23:15]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 93:110

ҡҺԸաѧ Ŵδ к㹡ѧҧ ŧ仺ҧ 㹡¹ ͺسҡ

:  ѡ¹.  [19 .. 2554 01:54]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 94:111

Դ͡áӨѴչô Һ͡ҨзչС͹Ǣ ÷軹͹Ѻչ 5 ҷ ҡԴżҹ 10-20 ҷ зչ ҡҺҷԧ ´ѡҧúҧ ˹ʹ㨨йͧ价çҹ ;Ѳҵʹ µͺչФ

:  ѡ¹.3  [28 .. 2554 18:27]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 95:112

зçҹǡѺûäзѧ䧤ͺ¹Ф


:   [6 .. 2554 14:25]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 96:113

Ҵ˹çҹ.طҤҹ¼ѡչôӿչѡ ء駷ҷӡѺǨա蹩ع ҧ֡šѹлִͼԴѺѡͨҡҴͧ ҹΌԩѹռᴧ鹷 ǹԩѹ֡ѹǹԴ §ʪҵҹ ͹෡ѺǷǤ ԩѹ駷ҧ..仵ǨͺẺзѹѹ·ҹҺǧ˹

:  Թѧ Ҥ  [29 .. 2554 22:10]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 97:114

仪֡ʴµöࢹӡԹѧѹ¨ҡԹФ!

ⴹֹ˹͡ѹ¤...ҡ

:   [5 .. 2554 07:53]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 98:115

ҵͼТͧ ҷѹҡ ???ʺѹҡ ???? ͧ????ѡ͡տչ???ѡҡùǪҡ÷㹼ѡ͡ ѡ ԸաӨѴÿչ͹任ا ¡سҵͺ¤ ͺس

:   [17 .. 2554 20:30]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 99:116

ٺչ ҳ 30 Թҷ Ҥساҷӿ§ ǩմչͤ մҳѹ ҩմչѹ Դҡ͡ ʺʺ١ ö ǡ͡ ǡʺ ѧҡ鹻ҳ2-3ҡʹ ¡ԹŴ١ ѹռŢҧ§ ٴ30Ԥ º͡˹ ҡ

:   [30 .. 2554 22:53]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 100:117

ҡҺࡳҵðҹ㹡õǨѴ Թ ͧ WHO , . OSHA  դ٧شԹppm

:  Palm  [7 .. 2554 00:07]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 101:118

ҡҺ ѡԴ˹ չ,Ҵδ(formadehyde)
ҧФѺ ҡҺҹ 10 ҧ ͨЪѺ


:   [29 .. 2554 13:12]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 102:119

ŴεҡǡҷԴ ǵͧա§ ÷᷹֧ѹ

:  ҡ  [5 .. 2554 22:28]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 103:123

ǤѺչӵѧ¤Ѻ
ͻѨغѹͧͺǹ֧ö֧2ѻ
Ѻ


:  ͹Ԫ  [19 .. 2555 23:09]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 104:124

˹ͺ ͹˹ٷ绡ʶاͷء اѹҴѹⴹչ ѹ ͹Ѻѹ¤ ҨԸѧ ǨռŢҧ§Ѻҧúҧ !!

:  Էʵ  [24 .. 2555 00:41]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 105:125

ԸҧԹ͡ѧ  ǼѡͨҡҴءԴͧҹ֧ͧ..ź

:   [28 .. 2555 19:05]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 106:126

ͤйӷͺẺտչ ӨѴҧ  ١ͺҹ͹ ͡ҡͧʺ 2 ö֧ 9 աѹ ʧտչ ҡ ҡͺҷҨҡҹШ ͹ѧҫͻ١ҹ  Ͷһ͹¤

:   [14 .. 2555 17:15]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 107:127

ҡ

:  333  [11 .. 2555 16:19]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 108:129

ҡҺԸա÷ÿչҡҹҧ ͹֡㹡÷çҹҡҺաһԷҾ͹Ѻչԧ?觢价ҧ ѧ䧡͢ͺФسҧ٧зй

:  硹§  [17 .. 2555 15:37]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 109:131

,, ,,
, .
,PR,.
10$.
ICQ 623935432

:  Feolcroz  [28 .. 2555 11:14]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 110:132

դͧáӨѴ蹿Ŵδ¤
ѧդӵͺ ҺҾռҧ¤Ѻôªд

:   [17 .. 2555 15:53]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 111:133

ҡҺ鹵͹Ŵδ Ẻ passive ͧ HPLC

:  ѡ֡ҵǹ  [13 .. 2555 15:11]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 112:134

ҡҺҷ˹բػó ͺÿչ軹͹ ºҧ úҧзҵðҹ ͺس

:  ѡآҾ  [25 .. 2555 01:17]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 113:135

ҡҺԸաôѺ蹿ԹѺ
ժǺҹҺ͹ӿԹҨҡҺǹ෷觡һҳ 2 ѻ....ҡҺԸաôѺ Դšзͤ㹪ͻѺ ͺسѺ

:  ѡ֡Ҹóآʵ  [17 .. 2556 09:12]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 114:136

Ըҧ ÿչ ͡ҡתѡ º͡Ըմ ͺسҡ

:  anu  [25 .. 2556 05:07]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 115:147

¹ gross anatomy ФѺ ǾʹʡѺչͧʹ ҡҺ չ鹷ͧʹѹµҡ˹ ͺسѺ

:  ͹  [5 .. 2556 22:57]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 116:154

ҡº͡ԸŴ͡ӨѴÿչ軹͹ҡѺ֡ʴдѺصˡ˹¤ зѷѺͻ֡ͺè礢ѭҤͺҧ мչ㹻֡ҡ ҧҨ֧ͧáӨѴŴԹ㹻֡͹觤

:  PATTAREE  [3 .. 2556 15:38]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 117:161

k9lvovgv

qqwmcqq4

insurance

r6x4kv02

libz15rp

:  plzqmasw  [24 .. 2556 12:12]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 118:165

ͻ  ͹Դاѹ繡蹩عšҡ  ǹҷʹԹ4-5 ͡Թѹšաѹ֡ҡ׹ŧ令  ÿչҤШѹ

:  ๵͹  [19 .. 2556 10:24]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 119:168

Һ ԸաáӨѴ Ҵ 赡ҧҡҧúҧ öӨѴ

:  manop  [28 .. 2557 16:51]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 120:169

ҡҺ÷ӻԡҢͧҷͺ 3 ѹÿչǷ֧¹ǧ ͧ÷Һԧµͺ¹Ф^^ ǹ!! ¤оʹը㹡¹

:  ǧ  [30 .. 2557 21:39]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 121:170

ÿŴδѺҧѺͷӻԡ㹡ѹѹ͡⾴ԧ  ѹ¡¼͡⾴ҹ


:  óԡ  [30 .. 2557 20:32]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 122:171

ػóǨѴÿչ ¿Ŵδ ʹ繻ª  https://www.facebook.com/formaldehydetest

:  ѹ  [16 .. 2557 14:09]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 123:172

ҡҺ¿չ ѵ繡ôʤ դ pH ҳ

:  ѹ  [7 .. 2557 20:51]
 
   
ͤԴ繷 124:173

Ժѵԧҹࢵ鹷触ͧᾷ չ 20 ҡͧõǨآҾ Ըա ǢͧѺõǨúҧ

:   [20 .. 2557 21:04]
 
   
ԭʴͤԴ
 
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ͤԴ:
 
 
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